Source code for mitiq.benchmarks.ghz_circuits

# Copyright (C) Unitary Fund
# This source code is licensed under the GPL license (v3) found in the
# LICENSE file in the root directory of this source tree.

"""Functions for creating GHZ circuits for benchmarking purposes."""
from typing import Optional

import cirq

from mitiq import QPROGRAM
from mitiq.interface import convert_from_mitiq

[docs]def generate_ghz_circuit( n_qubits: int, return_type: Optional[str] = None, ) -> QPROGRAM: """Returns a GHZ circuit ie a circuit that prepares an ``n_qubits`` GHZ state. Args: n_qubits: The number of qubits in the circuit. return_type: String which specifies the type of the returned circuits. See the keys of ``mitiq.SUPPORTED_PROGRAM_TYPES`` for options. If ``None``, the returned circuits have type ``cirq.Circuit``. Returns: A GHZ circuit acting on ``n_qubits`` qubits. """ if n_qubits <= 0: raise ValueError( "Cannot prepare a GHZ circuit with {} qubits", n_qubits ) qubits = cirq.LineQubit.range(n_qubits) circuit = cirq.Circuit() circuit.append(cirq.H(qubits[0])) for i in range(0, n_qubits - 1): circuit.append(cirq.CNOT(qubits[i], qubits[i + 1])) return_type = "cirq" if not return_type else return_type return convert_from_mitiq(circuit, return_type)